Visiting Places


Visiting places


The early history of the Patiala state isconsidered more of a myth than fact. BabaAla Singh, a man with vision andcourage assumed the leadership in 1714 and carved out an independentprincipality from a petty Zamindari of 30 villages.His successors were instrumental in the expansion of Patiala into a bigstate. The state's borders touched the Shivaliks innorth, Rajasthan in the South and upper courses of the Jamunaand Sutlej.The state of Patiala assumedprominence on the Indian map during the reign of Maharaja BhupinderSingh (1900-1930). The rich architectural legacy of the place is to his creditonly. Also his son facilitated the process of natural integration of the stateby signing the instrument of accession


The Moti

The MotiBaghPalace, built in the 19th century, is a must visit in Patiala. Made on the lines of the famous ShalimarGardens of Lahore it now houses the National Institute of Sports and the ArtGallery.



Sheesh Mahal

The Sheesh Mahal Medal Collection was put together by Sir Bhupindar Singh, Maharaja of Patiala ( 1891 - 1938 ) in the 1920s, with the assistance of the auctioneer Spink of London.

His son, Maharaja Yadavindra Singh, who died in 1974, subsequently bequeathed the medal collection to the people of the Punjab on India gaining independence in 1947. The medal collection now resides in the SheeshMahalMuseum at Patiala. Although notionally open to the public, gaining entrance to the museum can be difficult. Although efforts have been made to contact the SheeshMahalMuseum, replies have not been forthcoming.

A few years ago the government of Punjab made noises about transferring the Sheesh Mahal Collection to the State capital Chandigarh, where the medal collection would be seen by many more visitors. However, it is believed that Amarindar Singh, the son of Yadavindra Singh, pointed out that the bequest in 1947 stipulated the collection remain in Patiala and threatened that any attempt to move it to Chandigarh would negate the bequest, and the collection would revert to to his private ownership.





The capital of the former princely state, Patiala has a magnificent historical shrine, Gurudwara Dukh Niwaran. It is built on the spot graced by ninth Guru Sri Tegh Bahadurji. The Gurudwara stands adjoining a tank, where a dip is considered must by devoted pilgrims. Another Gurudwara having historical background is called Gurudwara Motibagh. It is partly designed like the "Sheesh Mahal' and has some fine miniatures.  
Patiala is one of the important cities of Punjab. The PunjabiUniversity is located on the outskirts of this city. The MotibaghPalace of the former Maharaja now houses the National Institute of Sports and the PunjabArtGallery. The Gallery contains valuable paintings and illustrated manuscripts, dealing with the life and times of Sikh Gurus. A Regional Cultural Centre has recently been established here.



Opposite Baradari garden on the Mall Road of Patiala.






North India



Year of Construction


Constructed By

The rulers of the PatialaState.

Type of Construction


Type of Building